PRESS RELEASE, 28 October 2015
EU Parliament vote improves measures to decrease air pollution but turns its back on 42,800 lives
EU Parliament adopts less ambitious stand than wished for by ENVI Brussels, 28 October 2015. The European Parliament voted today on the National Emissions Ceilings (NEC) Directive, setting out national limits on a range of air pollutants. The vote, strengthening existing rules, has proven the commitment of MEPs towards improving air quality and protecting public health in the European Union.
Members of the European Parliament voted to support a series of reduction commitments from 2020 to 2030 on a range of health damaging pollutants including methane and ammonia. The Plenary vote has weakened the Environment and Public Health Committee (ENVI) position, notably in the rejection of potentially harmful flexibilities on target dates, the exclusion of enteric methane  and mercury thresholds and the adoption of the less ambitious emission levels suggested by the European Commission. Although the vote is stronger than the Commission’s proposal, the EU Parliament turned its back on the opportunity to save 42,800 additional lives every year from 2025 onwards.
“We welcome the decision of the European Parliament to move towards tougher air pollution targets” stated Nina Renshaw, Secretary General of EPHA “The current state of things is not acceptable. Recent events such as the Volks Wagen scandal highlighted the necessity for stricter regulatory action and scrutiny. On the other hand, we see this vote as a lost opportunity to make a bigger difference, and, more importantly, to significantly improve the health quality of over 260,000 European citizens”.
“We are seriously concerned by the lack of long-term vision some MEPs have demonstrated today, in this vote” added Catherine Hartmann, Secretary General of the European COPD Coalition, “and in particular for those already suffering from respiratory conditions, such as COPD or asthma whose life are tremendously impaired by poor quality of air. Remember, we do not choose the air we breathe”.
Air pollution is the cause of death of over 400,000 people every year. According to the WHO , air pollution is a risk factor for heart disease, stroke, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), asthma and cancer. New studies are emerging indicating a role of ambient air pollution in the development of other chronic conditions such as diabetes and obesity. The increasingly poor air quality leads to a significant worsening of the health condition of Europeans, resulting in costly consequences for the European Union – between €330 billion and €940 billion in 2010 alone .
The NEC directive constitutes a first, important step towards the reduction of health impacts of poor air quality, but the EU must demonstrate more ambition and health NGOs count on Member States to showcase bigger ambition than that of the MEPs. The Environment Ministers’ Council meeting will reunite in December to deliberate on the NEC Directive.
 Enteric methane is the by-product of enteric fermentation, or the process occurring when methane is produced in the rumen as microbial fermentation takes place.
 WHO regional office for Europe. Air quality and health resolution adopted at the sixty-eighth World Health Assembly. 2015.
 Eze I C, Schaffner E, et al. Long-term air pollution exposure and diabetes in a population-based Swiss cohort. Environ Int 2014; 70: 95-105.
 European Commission. Commission Staff Working Document: Impact Assessment on National Emissions Ceiling (NEC Directive)
The European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology (EAACI) is the largest medical association in the field of allergy and clinical immunology, uniting more than 9,000 academicians, research investigators and clinicians from 121 different countries
The European Federation of Allergy and Airways Diseases Patients’ Associations (EFA) is a non-profit network of allergy, asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD) patients’ organisations, representing 40 national associations in 24 countries and over 400,000 patients. Visitwww.efanet.org for more information.
EPHA is a change agent – Europe’s leading NGO advocating for better health. – The objective of the European Public Health Community is to protect and promote public health: Improved well-being of people should be the primary objective of EU policies, and EU trade policy is regarded as a tool to achieve a number of public interest objectives, including, protection of public health, the environment and consumer interests.
The European Respiratory Society (ERS; www.ersnet.org) is an international organisation that brings together physicians, healthcare professionals, scientists and other experts working in respiratory medicine. We are one of the leading medical organisations in the respiratory field, with a growing membership representing over 140 countries worldwide. Our mission is to promote lung health in order to alleviate suffering from disease and drive standards for respiratory medicine
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